Hen Gymroorigin:United Kingdom first record:1918 habit:Winter grain colour:red/brown references >>>
Reference #1No.1. Pure Lines of Hen Gymro Wheat by T. J. Jenkins, 1929 LINK
notes: A first account of the Welsh Plant Breeding Stations study and work on the local landrace wheat "Hen Gymro" found around their location. 5 "pure lines" selected from within the landrace and bulked up to eventually become Hen Gymro S70 (line Ca. 274 in the leaflet) and S72 (line Ca. 484 in the leaflet).
"On the whole, therefore, over a number of seasons, taking both yield and quality into consideration, "Hen Gymro" has undoubtedly proved to be superior to Standard Red, under the conditions prevailing at the Welsh Plant Breeding Station, in spite of its weakness of straw, and the results are therefore in accord with the claims of the growers of this variety.
It should be clearly understood, however, that "Hen Gymro" is less well suited to land in good wheat growing condition than to land of relatively poor quality. But it has the great advantage for average conditions in Wales that it is capable of ripening a relatively good grain sample under very poor ripening conditions, and should, therefore, maintain its popularity where small areas are grown for household purposes."
Reference #2Farming by Evans Thomas Jones, 1946 LINK
notes: resume from Evans Thomas Jones of work on Hen Gymro wheat conducted by the Welsh Plant Breeding Station, Aberystwyth from 1920s into 1940s.
Five hundred varieties of herbage and fodder plants by M. Hall (edit), 1948 LINK
notes: Encyclopedia of fodder corps compiled by the "Commonwealth Bureau of pastures and field crops" at Aberystwyth that later became the Welsh Plant Breeding Station
"Hen Gymro ripens well under adverse conditions, it tillers freely and is a very safe cropper, and under poor conditions gives a much better grain sample than Squareheads Master: it is not, however, a good standing wheat. If wheat production had to be carried to extreme lengths, crop following on crop even on the poorer soil, then increasing reliance would have to be placed on Squareheads Master, Rivet and Hen Gymro."
No 5. Aberystwyth-bred Varieties of Oats and Pure Line Selections of Hen Gymro Wheat by Evans Thomas Jones, 1945 LINK
notes: A later recapitulation of the two pure lines of Hen Gymro that were finally chosen for release